As part of the funding from CDC, the IDPH Injury and Violence Prevention Program will release a variety of special emphasis reports. Recently they released reports on older adult falls and on traumatic brain injury. Now, they are sharing their third report, entitled Illinois – Special Emphasis Report: Infant and Early Childhood Injury, 2014. The 6-page report shares data about injury-related deaths, hospitalizations and emergency visits for Illinois children from birth to five years old.
Childhood (ages 0 to 5) Injury in Illinois
o More males than females die from injuries (58.9% vs. 41.1%)
o More males than females are hospitalized from injuries (56.7% vs. 43.3%)
o More males than females visit the ED from injuries (56.5% vs. 43.5%)
o Among children under five years, 56.1 percent of early childhood death occurs in infants less than one year.
o Among children under five years, nearly a third (29.0%) of early childhood hospitalizations occur in infants less than one year.
Injury Deaths in Infants
o Suffocation in bed is the leading cause of death in infants under one year of age. Half (54.8%) of all injury deaths in infants are from suffocation in bed.
o The intentional injury of assault/abuse is the second leading cause (16.2%) of death in infants.
o The third leading cause (14.7%) of death is unintentional suffocation in unspecified or other places (beside bed).
Injury Deaths in Young Children
o Assault/Abuse is the leading cause of death in young children ages one to five years. A quarter (26.5%) of all injury deaths in young children are from assault/abuse.
o The second leading cause of death among children is drowning/submersion (16.3%) followed by all other unintentional causes (14.4%).
You also can find the document under the “Publications” section of the IDPH Injury and Violence Prevention webpage.